IACCB, which commenced in February 2016, is a project within the Indonesia-Australia Partnership on Food Security in Red Meat and Cattle Sector. IACCB’s goal is to expand the commercial-scale beef cattle breeding industry in Indonesia. It does this by partnering with eight project partners in six Indonesia provinces, and testing three cattle breeding models (1) Integrated Oil Palm and Cattle Production; (2) Open Grazing and (3) Smallholder Cut and Carry.
The past dry season was very challenging for fodder production in Indonesia. The increased knowledge and experience of SISKA-enterprise management has however allowed them to use agricultural by-products as feed supplements, resulting in lower but still reasonable productivity during this period.
CAP, our Open Grazing partner in South Kalimantan, provided ammoniated rice straw, minerals and some palm kernel cake, and culled non-productive heifers, to reduce carrying capacity pressure on grazing areas.
The long dry season in 2019 (in certain areas stretching from June to December) has proven once again that a correct carrying capacity and the availability of funds to purchase feed supplements is critical to maintaining cattle body condition and commercial sustainability.
Our long-term small-holder partners, Koperasi Petani Ternak Maju Sejahtera (KPT) in South Lampung and Sentra Peternakan Rakyat Mega Jaya (SPR) in Bojonegoro dealt with the reduced availability of green fodder in different ways. KPT, who are financially stronger, provided ammoniated rice straw and an increased amount of palm kernel cake and minerals, whereas SPR, with limited access to financial resources, provided ammoniated rice straw and decided to reduce their herd.
The model emerged after a SISKA-partner - SUJ - wanted to expand their herd but were constrained due to their limited grazing area in their relatively small oil palm plantation. This model has higher operational and feed costs due to the long presence of cattle in the cattle yard. Finding cheap agricultural by-products is key to its commercial viability.
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